eSignatures are widely recognised as legally binding in the world. Learn more about eSignature legality across various countries from this guide.
Singapore was one of the first few countries in the world to introduce legislation to enable electronic commerce. Singapore’s Electronic Transactions Act (ETA) was enacted in 1998. The Act provides a legal framework that sets out the rights and obligations of parties in the course of electronic commerce, as well as the legal aspects of electronic contracts, digital signatures, authentication and non-repudiation. Singapore was the first country in the world to adopt the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce. The government of Singapore encourages businesses to transact electronically, and maintain electronic records.
Electronic Transaction Act (ETA) defines that information shall not be denied legal effect, validity or enforceability solely on the ground that it is in the form of an electronic record.
The ETA is established to promote public confidence in the integrity and reliability of electronic records and electronic commerce, and to foster the development of electronic commerce through the use of electronic signatures to lend authenticity and integrity to correspondence in any electronic medium.
The signature method that is used to identify the person must be either reliable for the purpose for which the electronic record was generated or communicated, or proven to have identified the person and to indicate the person’s intention with respect to the information by itself or together with further evidence.
In Singapore, for an electronic signature to be valid, it must meet the following conditions:
The following matters are exempted from the scale of operation of the ETA, and cannot be electronically signed: